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Respiratory Medicine

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About

Pulmonology Department deals with the treatment of diseases of the respiratory tract. Our comprehensive, state-of-the-art unit of respiratory medicine is capable to treat diseases like COPD, Bronchitis, Asthma and respiratory tract infections.

What We Treat

SOME COMMON RESPIRATORY DISEASES

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

COPD is an obstructive lung disease where the airways and lung parenchyma become damaged causing airway narrowing leading to shortness of breath (dyspnoea). COPD is usually by smoking and biomass fuel smoke exposure.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic bronchitis is defines in clinical terms as cough with sputum production on most for 3 months of a year, for 2 consecutive years, associated with repeated respiratory infections.

Asthma

It is a heterogenous disease of chronic airway inflammation defined by history of symptoms of wheezing, cough,  shortness of breath and chest tightness that vary over time and in intensity with variable expiratory airflow limitation.

Respiratory Tract Infections

Infection can affect any part of the respiratory systems. The most common among these is Rhinitis (nose). Pneumonia is a lower resporatory tract infection that is most commonly caused by bacteria and viruses. If left untreated, it can develop into lung abscess or may spread to the pleural cavity and can lead to severe morbidity and mortality.

Pleural Disease

A collection of fluid in the pleural cavity is known as a pleural effusion. The most common cause fot it is TB.

A collection of blood in the pleural cavity is known as Haemothorax. A collection of air in the pleural cavity is known as Pneumothorax. A collection of pus in the pleural cavity is known as Empyema.

Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA)

It is a hypersensitivity response to the fungus, Aspergillus species. It most commonly occurs in patients with uncontrolled asthma and cystic fibrosis. It causes severe respiratory symptoms.

Cyctic Fibrosis (CF)

It is a life limiting inherited disease of secretory glands caused by a faulty gene. It affects the lungs and other organs giving rise to a range of challenging symptoms like cough with copious sputum production, shortness of breath and repeated lung infection.

Pulmonary Embolism

It is a life threatening condition caused by sudden blockage in the lung vessels by a blood clot. Patient presents as sudden onset shortness of breath and hypotension.

Interstitial Lung Diseases (ILD)

It is a general category that includes many different lung conditions. All interstitial lung diseases affect the interstitium, a part of the lungs anatomic structure.

Sarcoidosisis an inflammatory disease that affects multiple organs in the body, but mostly the lungs and lymph glands. If untreated, causes permanent damage to affected organ Idiopathic.

Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is defined as a specific form of chronic, fatal, progressive fibrosing interstitial pneumonia of unknown cause, primarily occurring in older adults and limited to the lungs. Other are NSIP, HSP etc.

Sleep Related Disorders

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder that involves cessation or significant decrease in airflow in the presence of breathing effort. Symptoms include excessive daytime sleepiness, snoring, gasping and choking sensations that arouse the patient from sleep, morning headache etc.

Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (also known as Pickwickian syndrome) is a condition in which severely overweight people fail to breathe rapidly enough or deeply enough, resulting in low blood oxygen levels and high blood carbon dioxide (CO2) levels

Haemopstysis

It is the coughing of blood in sputum. The common causes are TB, lung malignancies and infections-ifnot treated can be fatal.

Conditions Treated

  • Nasal Sinus diseases like Rhinitis & Sinusitis
  • Airway diseases like Asthma & COPD
  • Management of acute and chronic respiratory failure
  • Diffuse Parenchymal Lung Diseases
  • Haemipstysis
  • Pulmonary Vascular Diseases
  • Pulmonary Embolism
  • Lung Cancer
  • Pleural Diseases
  • Pulmonary infections (bacterial, viral and fungal)
  • Mycobacterial infections
  • Suppurative Lung diseases
  • Sleep and Ventilatory Disorders
  • All types of Allergies (nasal and airway)
  • Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA)

Interventional Pulmonology

  • Thorocoscopy
  • Fibre Optic Bronchoscopy with Bronchoalveolar Lavage (BAL), Brushings and Endobronchial Biopsy
  • Trnsbronchial lung biopsy
  • Bronchoscopic Fine needle Aspiration of
  • Lymph node
  • CT guided FNA and biopsy
  • Thoracentesis (both diagnostic as well as therapeutic)
  • Ultrasound guided Pleural Drain
  • Pleural Biopsy (USG guided)

Ancillary Services

  • Full Polysomnography (Sleep Study)
  • Spirometry
  • Allergy testing (skin prick test to
  • common aero allergens and fungus)

Consult with our Doctors